Female equivalent of bastard

Added: Nadeige Chang - Date: 21.12.2021 20:47 - Views: 25419 - Clicks: 8908

A bastard also historically called whoresonalthough both of these terms have largely dropped from common usage in the law of England and Wales is an illegitimate childthat is, one whose parents were not married at the time of his or her birth. Unlike in many other systems of law, there was ly no possibility of post factum legitimisation of a bastard. This situation was changed in The word bastard is from the Old French bastardwhich in turn was from Medieval Latin bastardus. According to some sources, bastardus may have come from the word bastumwhich means pack saddle[1] the connection possibly being the idea that a bastard might be the child of a passing traveller who would have a pack saddle.

In support of this is the Old French phrase fils de bast loosely meaning "child of the saddle," which had a similar meaning. This meant that for two days, they had unfettered access to all of the women in town, and were therefore the ones most likely to be the cause of the town's illegitimate offspring.

This explanation is apocryphal, but no attempt at dispute seems to have been proffered. Another suggestion is that a group of travelling muleteers arrived, unloaded their mules, and took their pack saddles indoors and used them as bedding to sleep on. Bastardy was not a status, like villeinagebut the fact of being a bastard had a of legal effects on an individual.

One exception to the general principle that a bastard could not inherit occurred when the eldest son who would otherwise be heir was born a bastard but the second son was born after the parents were married. The Provisions of Merton 20 Hen. IXotherwise known as the Special Bastardy Actprovided that except in the case of real actions the fact of bastardy could be proved by trial by jury, rather than necessitating a bishop's certificate.

In Medieval Wales, prior to its conquest by and incorporation in England, a "bastard" was defined solely as not acknowledged by his father. All children acknowledged by a father, whether born in or out of wedlock, had equal legal rights including the right to share in the father's inheritance. This legal difference between Wales and England is often referred to in the well-known " Brother Cadfael " series of Medieval detective mysteries.

Person whose parents were not married at the time of his or her birth. This article needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. World Dictionary.

Oxford University Press. Retrieved 12 September Hidden : Articles with short description Short description is different from Wikidata Articles needing additional references from April All articles needing additional references Articles containing Old French ca.

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Female equivalent of bastard

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